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CORRELATION BETWEEN PARᾹ AND APARᾹ VIDYᾹ IN HINDU PHILOSOPHY AND THEIR INTEGRATION WITH MODERN SCIENCE

By

Prof. Dr. Binayak  S.  Choudhury

Hindu philosophy, according to the traditional classification, is divided into six main streams which are collectively called ṣaḍ-darśana. These are Sāṁkhya, Yoga, Nyāya, Vaiśeṣika, Mímāṁsā and Vedānta. But this classification is not exhaustive. For instances, Pāśupata and Tantra are not included in the above group although they have important philosophical contributions and are inalienable parts of the Hindu system without which a complete description of Hindu philosophy is never possible. There are also other schools of thoughts in Hinduism. Again there are subdivisions of the above schools which, in their own rights, are capable of being treated as separate systems .The vastness of Hindu wisdom is awe inspiring.
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TWO TYPES OF KNOWLEDGE: PARAVIDYA AND APARAVIDYA

By
Swami Paramatmananda Saraswati

Human being is basically a cognitive person. We are blessed with a unique cognitive faculty called intellect and one needs to live intelligently. Living intelligently means to learn both the disciplines of knowledge…                                                                                                                                                                                  

There are two types of knowledge one needs to acquire :

  1. Wisdom of earning
  2. Wisdom of living

An educational system is incomplete without imparting the wisdom of earning.

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World Hindu wisdom meet 2017

Gubernur Bali

Gubernur Bali

I Made Mangku Pastika
The Governor of Bali
(Keynote speech)
Natya mandala isi denpasar, SUNDAY,June 11, 2017

At this era of  global system, hindus people should be able to live a good life, to meet their needs and realize their welfare based on religion teachings. Religion and knowledge should be able to make people “alive”. Otherwise it would be neglected.

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THE YOGA OF THE SUPREME SPIRIT

Summary of Fifteenth Discourse

THE YOGA OF THE SUPREME SPIRIT

THE YOGA OF THE SUPREME SPIRIT


This discourse is entitled “Purushottama Yoga” or the “Yoga of the Supreme Person”. Here Lord Krishna tells us about the ultimate source of this visible phenomenal universe from which all things have come into being, just like a great tree with all its roots, trunk, branches, twigs, leaves,flowers and fruits which spring forth from the earth, which itself supports the tree and in which it is rooted. Sri Krishna declares that the Supreme Being is the source of all existence, and refers
allegorically to this universe as being like an inverted tree whose roots are in Para Brahman, and whose spreading branches and foliage constitute all the things and factors that go to make up this
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TRI GUNA

Guṇa (Sanskrit: गुण) depending on the context means ‘string, thread or strand’, or ‘virtue, merit, excellence’, or ‘quality, peculiarity, attribute, property’.

TRI GUNA

TRI GUNA

The concept originated in Samkhya philosophy, but is now a key concept in various schools of Hindu philosophy. There are three gunas, according to this worldview, that have always been and continue to be present in all things and beings in the world. These three gunas are called: sattva (goodness, constructive, harmonious), rajas (passion, active, confused), and tamas (darkness, destructive, chaotic). All of these three gunas are present in everyone and everything, it is the proportion that is different, according to Hindu worldview. The interplay of these gunas defines the character of someone or something, of nature and determines the progress of life.
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Ramakrishna Paramahamsa

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (Bengali: রামকৃষ্ণ পরমহংস) ( Ramkṛiṣṇo Pôromôhongśo (help·info)) (18 February 1836 – 16 August 1886), born Gadadhar Chatterji or Gadadhar Chattopadhyay (Gôdadhor Chôṭṭopaddhae), was an Indian mystic and yogi during the 19th-century.

Ramakrishna was given to spiritual ecstacies from a young age, and was influenced by several religious traditions, including devotion toward the goddess Kali, Tantra and Vaishnava bhakti, and Advaita Vedanta.

The perception amongst Bengali elites of what they considered his exemplary life, led to the formation of the Ramakrishna Mission by his chief disciple Swami Vivekananda, which acquired worldwide influence in the spread of modern Hinduism.

Birth and childhood

Ramakrishna was born on 18 February 1836, in the village of Kamarpukur, in the Hooghly district of West Bengal, into a very poor, pious, and orthodox brahmin family. Kamarpukur was untouched by the glamour of the city and contained rice fields, tall palms, royal banyans, a few lakes, and two cremation grounds. His parents were Khudiram Chattopadhyay and Chandramani Devi. According to his followers, Ramakrishna’s parents experienced supernatural incidents and visions before his birth. In Gaya his father Khudiram had a dream in which Lord Gadadhara (a form of Vishnu), said that he would be born as his son. Chandramani Devi is said to have had a vision of light entering her womb from Shiva’s temple.

Birth and childhood

Birth and childhood

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